2 edition of Adjusting life cycle assessment methodology for use in public policy discourse found in the catalog.
Adjusting life cycle assessment methodology for use in public policy discourse
Remke M. Bras-Klapwijk
Thesis (doctoral) - Delft University of Technology, 1998.
|Statement||Remke M. Bras-Klapwijk.|
During the execution phase all of the agreed project deliverables should be implemented and accepted by the customer. This can be done in different ways such as through the use of an expert panel, but it cannot be done based solely on natural science. For example, building management can designate reuse centers for office supplies and other reusable goods. Determine the Data Requirements The required level of data accuracy for the project depends on the use of the final results and the intended audience i. Gibson provides guidelines for approaching trade-off analysis: Maximum net gains: Any acceptable trade-off or set of trade-offs must deliver net progress towards meeting the requirements for sustainability; it must seek Page 67 Share Cite Suggested Citation:"4 Sustainability Assessment and Management: Process, Tools, and Indicators.
The studies referred to in this discussion vary widely in their conclusions, but all involve only northern hemisphere forests. Such data may not be representative of actual processes or may deal with new technologies not commercially tested. At each life cycle stage, the analyst should begin by answering a series of questions: Is the product or system in the life cycle stage specific to one company or manufacturing operation? Carbon dynamics of land use in Great Britain. Some data may be difficult or impossible to obtain, and the available data may be difficult to convert to the functional unit needed.
When collecting data and later when reporting the resultsthe protection of confidential business information should be weighed against the need for a full and detailed analysis or disclosure of information. Findings from the PACE study suggest that the attitudes and learning behavior of the children became much more performance oriented, rather than learning oriented, as they experienced the tightening of the curriculum and the impact of external and overt assessment. If the products or processes are used at different rates, packaged in varying quantities, or come in different sizes, how can one accurately compare them? American Public Policy. Establish the context in which the assessment is to be made and identify the boundaries and environmental effects to be reviewed for the assessment.
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A wide variety of analytic approaches and tools are used in conducting a risk assessment. Project Planning has two parts Other examples of co-products are the trim scraps and off-spec materials from a molded plastic plate fabricator.
Life-cycle assessments take a systems perspective to include the whole production process, from production of raw materials to eventual disposal and is therefore consistent with, and often an essential component of, sustainability analysis.
Side-effects must also be discovered and reckoned. Therefore, the company may consider the materials it uses as having no impact in the study results.
To Easton, a political system is an interrelated set of activities, roles, and institutions that operates within an environment which provides inputs to the political system and then translates these inputs into policy outputs.
The outputs of these political decisions are the actual policies formulated by the political institutions and actors. A methodology was emerging. Credits or charges for incineration can be derived. Impact Assessment - Assess the potential human and ecological effects of energy, water, and material usage and the environmental releases identified in the inventory analysis.
Finally, the projections of impacts on ecosystem services include impacts on provisions, regulation, support, and cultural services. At a minimum, this means that the forecasted premises needs to be made explicit and the uncertainty of the forecast also needs to be explicit because the robustness of the sustainability assessment will depend on the degree of uncertainty of the forecast.
However, none of these methods offers a general solution. Budget items are highly competitive but essential for policy delivery. Even with some measure of data variability, a decision to use a particular material made on the basis of generic data may misrepresent true loadings of the actual suppliers.
Another example of equivalent use would be in comparing cloth diapers to disposable diapers. Benefit-cost analysis seeks to assess the change in welfare for each individual affected by a policy choice, measured in a common monetary metric, under a set of alternatives.
A consequential LCA would consider the consequences of this choice in that only a certain amount of green power may be available to customers, causing some customers to buy conventional energy once the supply of greener sources was gone. Another approach to applying system expansion is by subtracting the environmental burdens of an alternative way of producing Product B using the same example as before so that only Product A is compared to Product C.
However, the data published within them tend to be at least several years old. For a comparative study, it is important that both the baseline and alternatives use the same system boundary and are modeled to the same level of detail.
Precombustion or resource acquisition energy can be computed by applying a standard factor to a unit quantity of fuel to account for energy used to obtain and transport the fuel. Viewing the steps as subsystems facilitates data gathering for the inventory of the system as a whole.
For example, input and output data might be allocated between coproducts in proportion to the economic value of the products. However, depending on the purpose of the study and the specific data objectives, these limitations may not be critical.advances in life cycle assessment and emergy evaluation with case studies in gold mining and pineapple production by wesley w.
ingwersen a dissertation presented to the graduate school of the university of florida in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree.
This report of life-cycle inventory guidelines and principles is the result of that effort. Results Procedural Framework for Life- Cycle Inventory The inventory process begins with clearly defining the purpose for conduct- ing the inventory analysis and identifying the boundaries which define the life-cycle system.
Jan 01, · Social Impacts in Product Life Cycles - Towards Life Cycle Attribute Assessment Gregory A. Norris 1 The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment volume 11, Cited by: life-cycle plan.
Since the life-cycle portfolio by itself (without mixing any of the other portfolios) is recommended as a solution to the portfolio management problem, and since the plan defaults all workers into the life-cycle account, one may conclude that the life-cycle plan is the centerpiece of the President’s Social Security plan.
This work investigates how the provision of a variety of public policies affects individual life-cycle decisions. In Chapter 2, I examine the effects of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) by considering a dynamic interaction between extending health insurance coverage and the demand for federal disability insurance.
I argue that as the ACA provides insurance coverage to the uninsured, it improves. Abstract Aalto University, P.O. BoxFI Aalto atlasbowling.com Author Leena Tähkämö Name of the doctoral dissertation Life cycle assessment of light sources – Case studies and review of the analyses.