3 edition of guide to historical method found in the catalog.
guide to historical method
Robert Jones Shafer
Includes bibliographical references.
|Statement||edited by Robert Jones Shafer. [Authors] David Bennett [and others]|
|Series||The Dorsey series in American history|
|Contributions||Bennett, David Harry, 1935-|
|LC Classifications||D16 .S47|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xii, 235 p.|
|Number of Pages||235|
|LC Control Number||77078395|
He writes, "In cases where he uses secondary witnesses Is the argument based on data, narrative, or both? The tradition must report a public event of importance, such as would necessarily be known directly to a great number of persons. Is the statement meant to be ironic i. These "surveys" range from the use of questionnaires to things like the famous Pepsi test in shopping malls. The hypothesis must be less ad hoc than any other incompatible hypothesis about the same subject; that is, it must include fewer new suppositions about the past which are not already implied to some extent by existing beliefs.
Garraghan, A Guide to Historical Method, page Conjecture does not greatly differ from hypothesis. Try to accomplish one of the following tasks each week to help your labor of love blossom to life in the marketplace: Add new content weekly to your website or blog to keep it fresh. Did he make statements damaging to himself, thus probably not seeking to distort? The essential problem here is distinguishing among the useful, less useful, and useless sources. The other half were chosen on a random sample basis. The genesis of the document pagesthe circumstances, authority, and events in or under which it was produced.
Another very common error is to assume that a short passage of time makes little or no difference to the intellectual climate of the time. Most fields have an established repertoire of ways of approaching problems, and you need to know what these are, especially if you decide to reject them. Hence, as a general rule, the careful historian will be suspicious of secondary works in history, even the best ones. If present tense, then stick with that. It is at this stage of research, which is often best done in conjunction with writing up sections of your project, that knowing where to find answers to specific questions is most useful. Any detail regardless of what the source or who the author that passes all four tests is credible historical evidence.
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Written "prophecies" and other relevant materials about these churches, for example, published biographies of founders, and so on were collected. As you read, write notes for each of the following topics. If you are looking for the source of an unidentified quotation, typing it into Google or an appropriate database held by the University Library will often turn up the source in seconds.
That is true not only because impartiality and detachment are easier for remote periods of history, but also because as time elapses, more materials are likely to become available. Any detail regardless of what the source or who the author that passes all four tests is credible historical evidence.
How about the secondary sources? What different kinds of primary sources are used? Make sure to keep the pace moving from action to action, scene to scene, chapter to chapter. Secondary sources as primary sources: Sometimes a secondary source may be used as a primary source for information about the period when the secondary source was written.
Secondly, it is very important to study the social context within which any statement is made.
Shafer offers this checklist for evaluating eyewitness testimony :  Is the real meaning of the statement different from its literal meaning?
Miscellaneous tools page 56 : Sigillography, the study of seals. The tendency of a source is its motivation for providing some kind of bias. Hegel — and the French rationalists. The first is conjectural emendation of a text; the second is conjectural restoration of longer passages of a text or even entire documents; the third is conjectural detail, used to fill out the background of a text.
Garraghan offers only two conditions that an argument from silence must fulfill. It must exceed other incompatible hypotheses about the same subject by so much, in characteristics 2 to 6, that there is little chance of an incompatible hypothesis, after further investigation, soon exceeding it in these respects.
Direct evidence may be lacking that a man is guilty of a crime imputed to him; but his known character, antecedents, habits, make it likely or unlikely that he is guilty. Was he indifferent on the subject reported, thus probably not intending distortion? It is much harder, however, to rank sources that all seem to be "original" in that each provides an independent account of the particular events in question.
It might help to look for the major question that the author is attempting to answer and then try to write his or her answer to that question in a sentence or two. Martha Howell and Walter Prevenier, From Reliable Sources, page Sources must be evaluated not only in terms of those external characteristics on which we have been focusing, the questions of where, when, and by whom a source was created and whether it is "genuine" or not.
Most Christians, however, think in terms of explicit beliefs and creedal statements which are usually taken at face value. When two sources disagree and there is no other means of evaluationthen historians take the source which seems to accord best with common sense.
The hypothesis must be more plausible than any other incompatible hypothesis about the same subject; that is, it must be implied to some degree by a greater variety of accepted truths than any other, and be implied more strongly than any other; and its probable negation must be implied by fewer beliefs, and implied less strongly than any other.
Doing valid survey research is not easy. Theology is based on the analysis of beliefs as they are found in the Bible, devotional works and books of theology. Garraghan, A Guide to Historical Method, page History is concerned immediately with single, individual facts; mediately with such generalized truths as can be derived from the individual facts.Buy A guide to historical method by Gilbert J Garraghan (ISBN:) from Amazon's Book Store.
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In consultation with the people who ran bookstores or book tables in the churches studied a selection of popular titles was obtained.
An attempt to make a list based on a very rough random sample from all the books in a given store was also made. Historical Painting Techniques, Materials, and Studio Practice at the Uni versity of Leiden, the Netherlands, Junecontains the results of work on historical painting techniques from all parts of the world.
The suggestion to organize such a meeting was raised during the symposium. A Guide to Historical Method by Garraghan, Gilbert; Delanglez, Jean Book condition: Very Good Jacket condition: No Jacket Book Description NY: Fordham University Press,