6 edition of The Great Enterprise: The Manchu Reconstruction of Imperial Order in Seventeenth-Century China found in the catalog.
January 22, 1986 by University of California Press .
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||658|
The first was the relinquishment of a certain kind of intellectual autonomy and moral commitment, so that ethical philosophers became scholarly academicians and political leaders turned bureaucratic administrators. This sweeping biography of "China's Himmler," based on recently opened intelligence archives, traces Dai's rise from obscurity as a rural hooligan and Green Gang blood-brother to commander of the paramilitary units of the Blue Shirts and of the dreaded Military Statistics Bureau: the world's largest spy and counterespionage organization of its time. China and the Seventeenth-Century World Crisis 2. Fairbank, China's Response to the West ; F. The term Ch'ing means "pure," and it was used to add legitimacy to an alien rule. The dynasty was founded in Xi'an on 8 Februarythe first day of the lunar year, by Li Zichengthe leader of a large peasant rebellion.
Unable to find food in the countryside, his soldiers looted the area, killing resisters, and even resorted to cannibalism as food shortages grew acute. The uneasiness this provoked had two important effects. Unfortunately, moral uneasiness was the eventual result for the policy of mutual accommodation between Manchu rulers and Chinese collaborators. Handicraft industries, such as porcelain manufacture, prospered.
Stable social structures seemed to be giving way to military states which were insufficiently stable, finally bringing down a ruling house long overwhelmed by social forces it could not control. For the Chinese ruling class of gentry, scholars, and officials the issue was how to transfer loyalty from one dynastic line to the other. The great enterprise was finally exhausted, the imperial order beyond repair. An imperial edict in allowed maritime trade only at the port of Guangzhou. As viceroy of the capital province of Zhili —95he controlled Chinese foreign affairs for the Empress Dowager Tz'u Hsi.
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He was the author of ten books, seven published by the University of California Press. Jurchen warlord Nurhaci is retrospectively identified as the founder of the Qing dynasty. China yielded to Western demands for permanent diplomatic representation in Beijing and continued to suffer territorial encroachments.
Throughout China, there were numerous instances in the s of public services being taken over by private parties. University of California Press, pp. Background The Ch'ing dynasty was established by the Manchuswho invaded China and captured Beijing inand lasted until Wakeman, Jr.
He extended Manchu control and promoted learning in the arts and sciences. That year he began teaching at Berkeley, where he remained his entire career and retired as the Walter and Elise Haas Professor of Asian Studies.
Fairbank, China's Response to the West ; F. He was born near Guangzhou into a farm-owning family. The Early Ch'ing Emperor K'ang-Hsi reigned — consolidated the Manchu regime by suppressing rebellions —81 and defeating the Mongols and Tibetans.
Background The Ch'ing dynasty was established by the Manchus Manchupeople who lived in Manchuria for many centuries and who ruled China from until After Hong Taiji returned to Mukden in April Amin was sent to Yongping to guard the four cities that had been recently conquered.
The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Under the inspirational leader Yuan Chonghuanthe Ming used western artillery to defeat the Jin forces at the Battle of Ningyuan in Fairbank, China's Response to the West ; F. He may have intended to resume his Imperial claims later on by proclaiming his accession in the Forbidden City.
The scale is beyond our experience if not imagination. After the Shun was created, Li Zicheng ordered the soldiers to kill the Ming remnants still existing in Beijing.The Great Enterprise: The Manchu Reconstruction of Imperial Order in Seventeenth-Century China.
The Manchu Reconstruction of Imperial Order in Seventeenth-Century China. University of California Press. Frederic Wakeman. A search query can be a title of the book, a name of the author, ISBN or anything else.
Book review on The Great Enterprise: the Manchu Reconstruction of Imperial Order in Seventeenth Century China 《宏業 Author: AKC Leung. Main The Great Enterprise: The Manchu Reconstruction of Imperial Order in Seventeenth-Century China The Great Enterprise: The Manchu Reconstruction of Imperial Order in Seventeenth-Century China.
The Fall of Imperial China () and The Great Enterprise: The Manchu Reconstruction of Imperial Order in Seventeenth-Century China (2 vol. ); I. C. Y. Hsü, The Rise of Modern China (); J. D. Spence, The Search for Modern China ().
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